Laboratories

El IISTA has several laboratories.

Terrestrial Ecology Laboratory

Definition

Ecology Group has two distinctly different equipment types:

CNS (carbon-nitrogen – sulfur) laboratory is designed to analyse any sample of soil, organic matter, leaf litter and assess the presence of carbon (organic and inorganic), nitrogen and sulfur. These elements are essential to explain the operation of terrestrial ecosystems and their relationship with the land. These instruments are used by several research projects that have among their objectives the characterization of the biogeochemical cycle of elements such as carbon or nitrogen.

On the other hand Iecolab has a network of own manufacture wireless sensors capable of measuring temperature of the air and soil, air and light and soil moisture. Also various types of cameras are designed to quantify the capacity of vegetation to produce biomass through photosynthesis. All these devices are currently installed in the oak forest of Cañar.

Contact Person:
Regino Zamora Rodríguez Email: rzamora@ugr.es Telf: 958.243242
Visitar web

Environmental fluid dynamics laboratory

Definition

The laboratory is divided into three sections: section of maritime engineering, engineering section of wind and atmosphere-ocean interaction section. In all cases studied the behavior and interaction with structures of a fluid, either water (waves, currents) or air (wind) and the interaction between them.

The maritime engineering section is dedicated to the test and study of phenomena in which the fluid is involved water. The activities take place in different facilities which consists the lab: wave tank, wave Flume and tilt channel. The main studies carried out are: (1) analysis of the characteristics of wave propagation, (2) analysis of surge-current interaction, (3) analysis and optimization of the surge-structure interaction, (4) analysis and optimization of the behavior of port docks, (5) analysis of the behavior of the ship-dock interaction.

Wind engineering section is dedicated to the testing and study of phenomena in which the fluid air is involved. The activities take place in different facilities which consists the lab: wind tunnel of layer limit I and layer boundary II wind tunnel. The main feature of these facilities is in them, you can simulate the profile of speed and intensity of turbulence in the atmosphere (atmospheric boundary layer). The main studies carried out are: (1) analysis and optimization of the viento-estructura interaction, (2) transport wind of sediments, study of formation and movement of dunes, (3) optimization of aerodynamic and sporty performance, (4) analysis of the field of winds over complex topography, (5) comfort in urban studies – urban and architectural planning, (6) dispersion and concentration of contaminants.

Finally, the atmosphere-ocean interaction section focuses on the study of the processes of generation of wave action and exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean, in particular between the layer boundary atmospheric (ABL) and oceanic (OBL). This is available from the channel of interaction atmosphere-ocean, CIAO, unique in the world of its characteristics, since it combines the generation of wind, waves and currents in two heights, all independently and reversible. It incorporates a system of generation of rain. The main lines of research carried out at CIAO are: (1) generation processes of waves by wind, (2) interaction between ABL and OBL, (2) dynamics of estuaries, (4) generation of current by wind, (5) combined actions of waves and wind on structures, (6) generation of wave energy.

The laboratory is equipped with instrumentation of the latest generation for the measurement of all the aerodynamic and hydrodynamic variables involved in the processes studied: (1) anemometry by PIV-V3V (Particle Image Velocimetry in 3D), LDV (Laser Doppler Velocimetry in 3D), hot wire, tubes of uni-directional and Omni-directional pitot (2) wind through system pressure of 8400 pressures and pressures Initium system , (3) forces of the wind by balances of forces and moments, (3) videoimagen with high speed camera, (4) characterization of the free surface of the water level sensing resistive and acoustic, (5) anemometry in water by speedometer doppler 3D, (6) pressure of water by pressure sensors.

Contact Person:
María Clavero Gilabert Email: mclavero@ugr.es Telf: 958.249734

Laboratory of hydrology

Definition

The Group of Fluvial dynamics and hydrology studies hydrological processes and the quality of water in the Mediterranean basin; for this purpose it has Instrumentation in three different locations, depending on the purpose of the Instrumentation:

First, the Group has a laboratory on the University Campus of Rabanales, in Córdoba, which boasts a series of equipment necessary for the determination of physico-chemical parameters in soil and water, along with sampling equipment I measurement in-situ parameters of water quality in field campaigns.
On the other hand, installs and maintains, together with the environmental fluid dynamics group, equipment permanent measurement of meteorological and hydrological variables in the basin of the River Guadalfeo (Granada), in what is known as network Guadalfeo, which consists of four meteorological stations located in the basin of the River Guadalfeo, three of which are located in the Natural Park of Sierra Nevada , between 2000 and 2500 meters of altitude. These stations are pioneers in the continuous monitoring of Meteorology in area of snow and their records are sent to the weather network periodically; also, they serve as a basis both to study the evolution of the snow cover, such as the spatial and temporal distribution of meteorological variables in Sierra Nevada.
Finally, manage material for field campaigns jointly with the group dynamics of environmental fluid, which is available in the laboratory of the Andalusian Environment Centre (CEAMA) in Granada. These campaigns focus primarily on measures in the snow, evaluation of flow in riverbeds, and measurement and characterization of sediments.

Contact Person:
Alicia Jurado López  Email: alicia.jurado@uco.es Telf: 957.212662
Visitar web

Laboratory of Physics atmosphere

Definition

The observation of the atmospheric aerosol layer boundary surface is of great importance, since in addition to working in the region of greater presence of particles in suspension, we focus on the region in which they have a more immediate impact on human health and on the exposed materials of our historical heritage. Also working in this region allows the use of techniques of observation in situ to determine from spray, until their chemical composition microphysical and optical properties. Why the lab has spectrometers of particles, measuring systems of the coefficients of dispersion (an integral nephelometer TSI 3563) and light absorption (MAAP and PSAP) in addition to sampling systems of spray on filters for later analysis in the laboratory. Currently develops a polar nephelometer, which will contribute significantly to progress in the characterization of optical properties of aerosol of special relevance in investment properties microphysical by remote sensing.

This laboratory, which is one of the most complete in Spain, includes different radiometers and spectroradiometers for the characterization of atmospheric aerosol and the content of water vapor and ozone in the atmospheric vertical. We will highlight the team of active remote sensing using the Raman Lidar technique, which allows a characterization of atmospheric profiles optical properties and microphysical of spray, as well as the profile of water vapor. This equipment that is included in the European network EARLINET and that will be part of the global network, GALION, sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization, is unique in the Spanish territory. Passive remote sensing equipments include a cloud Chamber, capable of characterizing cloud cover real-time. This development has been adapted also for the characterization of atmospheric conditions of cloudless sky spray. Soon the laboratory will be completed with a radiometer of micro waves (MWR HATPRO) capable of providing continuous mode of atmospheric temperature profiles and moisture as well as total content of water vapour and liquid water in the vertical column of.

Contact Person:
Lucas Alados Arboledas  Email: alados@ugr.es Telf: 958.249749

Visitar web